Thunderstorm forecast #Europe, #NorthAmerica and #Asia (Prognoza furtuna pentru astazi in Europa, America de Nord si Asia).
Thunderstorm forecast #Europe, #NorthAmerica and #Asia
Thunderstorm forecast Europe
Valid: Mon 13 Jun 2016 06:00 to Tue 14 Jun 2016 06:00 UTC
Issued: Mon 13 Jun 2016 04:49
Forecaster: VAN DER VELDE
A level 2 was issued for W Turkey mainly for severe convective wind gusts and large hail as well as some tornado chances.
A level 2 was issued for Albania, FYR Macedonia, Bulgaria and SE Romania mainly for excessive convective precipitation, large hail and severe wind gusts.
A level 1 was issued for mainly for NE Netherlands and N Germany mainly for excessive convective precipitation.
A level 1 was issued for W and C France mainly for a chance of isolated tornadoes.
A level 1 was issued for N Italy mainly for isolated large hail.
A level 1 was issued for NE Catalonia/Spain mainly for isolated large hail.
A level 1 was issued for E Hungary, W Romania and Serbia mainly for excessive convective precipitation.
A level 1 was issued for Greece and W Turkey mainly for severe convective wind gusts and large hail.
A broad upper trough spans most of NW, C and SE Europe. A chain of low pressure circulation centers near the surface stretches from Ireland, E UK, N Netherlands, W Poland, Slovakia and Romania, causing convergence of unstable air and triggering of slow-moving thunderstorms. The main upper trough passes over southeastern Europe, but there is a lack of frontal gradients and a rather incoherent pattern of PV, although a shortwave trough can be distinguished moving from S Italy to Albania, Bulgaria and Romania, where the largest CAPE values can be found in Europe today. Another passes from S Greece into W Turkey by 00Z. An Atlantic shortwave trough rapidly moves into W France during the morning, accompanied by advection of moist low-level air. The northwesterly jet stream creates large hodographs over the southern half of France, NW Italy and NE Spain, with also good low-level shear.
Large hodographs also are found under the WSW-ly jet over S Greece and Turkey. Somewhat enhanced shear will be present over SW UK and central Ireland. Rather benign shear and storm motion vectors are found through most of the rest of Europe, which can lead to excessive convective rainfall cases.
A shortwave upper trough and mid-level cold front is moving through the Aegean Sea during evening and night, causing strong lift which GFS predicts to destroy the CIN late in the period. Steep mid level lapse rates and strong deep layer shear with SREH over 200 m²/s² create favorable environments for supercells or a linear cluster bearing large hail and severe wind gusts. Low level shear over 12 m/s also supports tornadogenesis.
…Albania to Moldova…
00Z Brindisi sounding with 1300 J/kg CAPE and moderate 0-6 km shear should be representative in the Albania area where an MCS is seen on satellite at 04Z. The responsive trough will force convection as it moves to Romania, where similar CAPE should have built up by the afternoon. However the strong deep layer shear does not reach further north than Albania-Greece.
Therefore the storm dynamics can be absent towards the northeast. However the moderate MLCAPE, cold pool formation and shear at local boundaries can enhance potential for severe wind gusts and large hail.
…W to C France…
For 15Z GFS and some WRF models predict slight MLCAPE and convective precipitation on the wave feature entering France from the Atlantic. It is a plume of warm low-level air and convergence zone with a mid level cold front creating a zone with both conditional and potential instability. With the upper vorticity advection this should destabilize and trigger some storms. The 20 m/s 0-6 km shear and some SREH can help mesocyclone formation in convective cells, and there is potential for tornadoes given moderate 8-12 m/s 0-1 km shear.
…N Germany area…
An old upper vortex stagnates over this region, and convergence between westerly and easterly winds takes place in a zone max a few hundred km wide. The low LCLs indicate a humid airmass, although in absolute humidity less than the past week. Very slow storm motion and weak shear make excessive precipitation the main threat, but also landspout-type tornadoes may occur as result of spin-up within sfc vorticity centers. 00Z soundings in the region show very saturated neutral profiles but quite cool air mass, which limits the PW content.
…W Romania area…
Another region with similar stagnant flow conditions but larger precipitable water and weaker mid level lapse rates should increase precipitation efficiency. 00Z soundings in the region show very saturated profiles but weak CAPE. Initiation may be less organized. Isolated landspout-type tornadoes may also occur here.
…NW Italy, NE Spain…
Lightnings past 24 h
Credit: weatheronline.com, estofex.com, wetteronline.de
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